Prior to joining Lindenwood in 2011, I was a vice president and regional economics adviser at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. In addition, I spent ten years as an academic in the economics departments at West Virginia University and Birkbeck College, University of London.


My main research interests have been in theoretical and empirical trade, as well as modeling the macroeconomy as the interaction of regional and local economies.

A native of Upstate New York, I received my B.A. in Economics from the State University of New York at Binghamton (1984) and my M.A. and Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Buffalo (1986, 1989).

Papers, Citations, Co-Authors